The Lower Lausitz region is a region of great variety of landscapes: the flat pastoral areas near the rivers Spree and Neiße, heathen landscapes in the Guben area and vast woodlands, e.g. in the so-called "Calauer Schweiz" or "Muskauer Faltenbogen". There are numerous small lakes and ponds (in particular in the area around the town of Gauben). Lake Senftenberg and the dam in Spremberg are of great recreational importance.
The land is mainly flat. The only hills of up to 180m are "Lausitzer Grenzwall" in Spree-Neiße county, "Calauer Schweiz", "Bucksche Schweiz" and "Kmehlener Berge" all in Oberspreewald-Lausitz county.Open-cast mining is characteristic for the Lower Lausitz region. Working mines in the towns of Welzow and Jänschwalde, closed-down ones in Greifenhain. In Bärenbrück, Pulsberg, Buckwitzberg or around lake Senftenberg recultivated mines can be visited. Closely related to mining is energy production. The cooling towers of the power stations in Jänschwalde or Schwarze Pumpe can certainly not be overlooked.
- Altdöbern: palace
- Forst: Rose garden, Saint Nikolai Church, water tower
- Grießen: hydroelectric power station
- Großkmehlen: church with Silbermann organ
- Guben: historical town centre, Sprucker mill, monastery
- Marga: garden town
- Noßdorf: water mill
- Senftenberg: fortress with palace, museum and gallery, Saint Peter-Paul church
- Spremberg: palace, historical town centre, Kreuz Church, Auferstehungs-Church, Bismarck Tower
- Guteborn: Park Guteborn with palace chapel
- Lindenau: Lindenau palace with park
Historically seen, the Lower Lausitz region covered the area between the rivers Elbe and Bober, between Schwarze Elster and the lakes south of Berlin. In the old days this region was inhabited by and named after a Slav tribe. Until today more than 60,000 Sorbs live here, speaking their own language.
The Lower Lausitz region has never been a political unity. Its name relates to the landscape. In 963 Earl Gero conquered the Lower Lausitz region. Subsequently the region, often divided, belonged to Brandenburg, Bohemia or Saxony and in 1815 became part of Prussia. During the days of the "German Reich" most of this region belonged to Frankfurt upon Oder and during GDR days to Cottbus. Today it mostly forms part of the state of Brandenburg with its parts east of the river Neiße belonging to Poland. Textile industry and soft coal mining have determined the region's economic development.
Additionally there are many tourist attractions relating to the Sorbs, e.g. the carnival in Hahnrupfen near Jänschwalde as well as the "Johannisreiten" in Casel.
- Guben spring festival, first weekend of May
- Spremberg May festival in May
- Biehlen riding tournament
- Forst rose queen contest in
- Bohsdorf blossom festival in May
- Forst Whitsun race at Whitsun
- Lindenau palace park festival at Whitsun
- Forst Rose garden festival, end of June
- Senftenberg Peter-und-Paul-Market, end of June
- Grünewalde forest festival beginning of July
- Repten Lausitz Music Summer
- Spremberg Music Summer
June until August
- Dam beach festival, beginning of August
- Lake Senftenberg Lake Games, traditional lake festival, first half of August
- Forst water tower festival in August
- Jannowitz horse market
- Spremberg local heritage festival in August
- Southern parts of OSL county "Stollfeste" in August
- Lauchhammer foundry festival in August
- Sedlitz riding tournament in September
- Calau town festival in September
- Guben apple festival in September
- Welzow airport festival and local heritage festival
- Klein Kölzig Husky dog races in December
Customs and traditions:
Industry and craftsmanship have influenced the Lower Lausitz region—open-cast mining and related industries such as coal processing, power stations; textile industry; glass production; casting.
Textile industry goes back to the Middle Ages; centres were Forst (L) (Brandenburg Textile Museum) and Guben (Hat Museum); glass production in Döbern (open to the public) dates back to the second half of the last century. Old casting techniques in Lauchhammer (Foundry Museum).
The region's most prominent writer Erwin Strittmatter made customs and traditions part of his writing. Sorb traditions which except from bilingual village and town name signs are barely noticeable in daily life are the so-called "Osterreiten" events.
- Museum-Gallery Senftenberg Palace
- Textile Museum in Forst
- Foundry Museum in Lauchhammer
- Hat Museum in Guben
- Town Museum "Sprucker Mühle" in Guben
- "Niederlausitzer Heidemuseum Spremberg"
- Old style farm in Bloischdorf
- Agricultural Museum in Groß Koschen
- Local history museum in Calau
- Local history museum and clock museum in Lindenau
- Doll museum in Großräschen
- Local history museum in Kostebrau
- Mill in Grünewalde
- Mining museum in Niemtsch
- Town history museum in Ortrand
- Local history museum in Ruhland
- Local history museum in Schwarzheide
- Sorb local history museum in Heinersbrück
- Local history museum in Groß Schackdorf
- Fire department museum in Haidemühl
- Exhibition in the mill "Landtechnik Proschim"
- Museum of the armed forces of the former Soviet republics in Welzow